The story of Jove in Arcadyis the second poem of the second book of Ovid’s Metamorphoses. In the previous poem, Phaethon, the Sun tries to convince Phaethon that he is his father. When Phaethon doesn’t believe him, the Sun said that he would give him anything he wished to prove his paternity. Phaethon chose to ride the Sun’s chariot, which the Sun was extremely uneasy about. The Sun gave Phaethon rules about riding the chariot, in which Phaethon broke all of them thus leading to the burning of a large portion of Earth. Phaethon is then struck down with Jupiter’s lightning bolt. Later, Jupiter walks around to examine the damage Phaethon made, when he saw a beautiful nymph resting in the shade in his favorite city, Arcady. This is where Jove in Arcadybegins. Jupiter recognizes that the nymph, Callisto, is a follower of Diana thus meaning she is a virgin. He is so attracted to her that he disguises himself as Diana, then proceeds to brutally rape her. Nine months later, she reunites with Diana’s group in hopes that she can conceal her pregnancy. Unfortunately, her hopes shatter when the group goes swimming and her pregnant stomach is exposed. She is then outcasted from the group, and later gives birth to her son, Arcas. Angry Juno turns Callisto into a bear, and she is then separated from her son. 16 years later, Arcas sees his mother while he is out hunting, and since he did not know his mother was a bear, he lifted up his spear to kill her. Jupiter quickly intervened and turned them into the constellation now known as Ursa Major. This bothered Juno even more because even though she was a bear, Callisto still ended up higher than her. The literary tradition of the story is that Callisto was raped by Jupiter while he was disguised as Diana. Callisto was then impregnated, expelled from Diana’s followers and soon after gave birth to her son. Juno then turned her into a bear out of wrath. Years later, her grown son did not recognize her and almost killed her. Jupiter intervened and turned them into Ursa Major.